Groundcover Roses: This group of roses has an extremely prostrate habit that makes them excellent as a groundcover or for cascading over embankments. They generally grow to a height of 12" but put out long canes that may reach 3 in length. Flowers are generally 2-3" across.

Miniature Roses: The roses within this class are exactly that, miniature. All are less than 12" in height with most having flowers that are 2-3" in width. They have the same forms as their full sized cousins, from tiny climbers to perfect low borders, edging, or in containers both inside and outside.

Floribundas: Hardy and disease resistant, the floribundas are one of the best groups of all purpose roses. Most range in size from 2-4 in height, although a few can get slightly taller. They produce an abundance of "sweetheart" size roses in clusters from June until the first fall frost. Use this type of rose along walkways, massed in garden beds or as a single specimen plant.

Hybrid Teas: These are the true garden "jewels" of the rose world. Expect large single buds on long, straight stems that are perfect for bouquets. The number of flowers per plant are less than that of other rose types, but their exquisite beauty more than makes up for this. This rose family ranges in height from 2-7,' but most are between 3-5. Use hybrid tea roses for cutting and as the focus of any garden

Grandifloras: The best of both worlds; this family combines the large flowers of the hybrid teas with the flowering habit of the floribundas. Many varieties within this group are highly fragrant. As a rule, grandifloras grow slightly larger than the hybrid teas 5-8 so give them plenty of room. They are an excellent choice for the back of gardens or a spectacular rose hedge.

Rose Rose Rose Rose

Shrub Roses: These are the champions of the northern gardener. Extremely winter hardy and disease resistant, these roses require very little maintenance. Many of todays varieties were developed in Canada for use in the prairies where traditional rose types do not survive well. Coarser in texture and producing fewer flowers than the floribundas or the hybrid teas, these roses are still the best choice for difficult conditions and for low maintenance flowering hedges. These plants range from 3-10 in height, with most being between 4-6.

Pillar Roses: Pillar roses are not a true rose class but the term has become widespread to describe a less vigorous climbing rose. Display these roses against a pillar or post. They are an excellent way to show off a climbing rose in a small garden where a full sized climber would be overwhelming.

Imperial Blaze
Climbing Roses: Climbing roses are very vigorous roses that produce extremely long canes. Most are descended from hybrid teas or floribunda roses and have the flowering characteristics of these parents. As a group, climbing roses tend to be hardier than either of their parents and this allows them to achieve a far greater size. Climbing roses do not "climb" like a clematis or vine but must be attached by strings or clips to their supports. Attach to a trellis against a wall or to a garden arbour for best effect. Left unsupported, climbers will eventually grow into large mounded shrubs.

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